Big banks Small business loan approval rates at big banks ($10 billion+ in assets) dropped to 23.1% in July, down two-tenths of a percent from June's figure.
" The economy in the second quarter was a bit sluggish because of slower global growth; this impacts big banks more than other lenders," suggests Biz2Credit CEO Rohit Arora, who oversaw the research. "When there is turbulence in international markets, such as the angst over Britain's laving the EU, big banks tend to become more conservative in their lending. Brexit had some impact, but not a major one, on small business finance."
Institutional lenders' loan approval rates bounced back in July to 62.8%, matching an all-time Index high.
"Over the last two years, institutional lenders have emerged as a strong driving force in the industry and continue to provide affordable loan products to borrowers with high rates of success," said Arora, one of the nation's leading experts on small business finance. "This category of lender is doing well because of high yields and low default rates. Further, institutional investors from other countries are looking to enter the U.S. market as there currently is much global uncertainty, especially in Europe. This is encouraging for small business owners and start-ups seeking capital. I expect this trend to continue."
Meanwhile, lending approval rates increased slightly at small banks up to 48.9% in July.
"Small banks process more SBA-backed loans than big banks do. SBA loans minimize the overall risk assumed when loan requests are approved," explained Arora. "The current state of the global market doesn't have as much influence on small banks as it does with big banks. They filled the void in July when the big banks skidded a little bit."
Alternative lenders experienced a decrease in loan approval rates in July and approved three out of five loan requests (60%). However, this category of lenders experienced a decrease in loan approval rates in four out of the last five months.
"Alternative lenders have steadily lost favor among small business borrowers, in large part because their cost of capital is so high," Arora explained."Credit-worthy borrowers can typically secure better interest rates and terms from other types of lenders. Alternative lenders still have some appeal for borrowers whose credit scores might be low."
Credit unions continued their slow decline in loan approval rates, drop to an all-time Index low of 41.5% in July, down one-tenth of a percent from June. Loan approval percentage rates have declined at credit unions every month for more than a year.
"Credit unions are behind in the times when it comes to utilizing digital technology. This slows down the loan process significantly," Arora added."Borrowers prefer to receive the funding from their loan requests as quick as possible, and thus are opting to competing categories of lenders from whom they can receive funding faster."